Consul fabius

the butterflies known today as "Consul fabius" have enjoyed all kinds of taxonomic position:

    - from Papilio fabius or P. hippona in the 18th century,

    - up to thirteen different species in 1875 (Butler),

    - down to a unique species in 1916 (Röber),

    - and today, fifteen subspecies that nobody would bet on.


conducting our inventories in Sangay National Park (East of the Andes) and in Cotacachi Cayapas Reserve (West of the Andes), both in Ecuador, we found:

    1 - many different looking individuals flying on the very same spot,

    2 - many individuals that obviously do not fit in any of the "registered" subspecies.


so we believe that the present taxonomic situation disagrees with facts, and we think that Consul fabius is typically a species for which a good mapping of the phenotypes could help clarify things.




in the section below we present, by location, the various forms we collected, and we're eager to present, in the near future, the forms you too collected.


later, when we have reasonable series from a number of locations, it will be time to try to make sense out of all these data.






Mexico - Puebla, Vera Cruz, Oaxaca


Costa Rica

from Mexico down to Costa Rica almost no differences, if it were not for the second specimen from Costa Rica



Venezuela - Trujillo, Zulia


Cotacachi Cayapas North, Ecuador - 600/1000 m


Cotacachi Cayapas South, Ecuador - 600 m


Cotacachi Cayapas West, Ecuador - 100 m

all these specimens come from a very small forest patch near Calderon


Napo, Ecuador - 500 m


Sangay NP East, Ecuador - 600/1000 m


Morona Santiago South, Ecuador - 1200 m


San Martin, Peru - 300 m


Junin, Peru - 600/1000 m


Santa Cruz, Bolivia - 400 m



Misiones, Argentina - 300 m


Santa Catarina, Brasil - 0/100 m

the extreme South specimens, wether from Argentina or from Brasil, seem to present no difficulties


Caranavi, Bolivia - 600 m


Rondonia, Brasil - 100/200 m


Guyanas - 0/100 m