Dismorphia theucarila

Dismorphia theucarila, thirteen subspecies for this mimetic butterfly that flies from Mexico to Brasil and Northern Peru

(unknown from Southern Peru and Bolivia?).


for this species we clearly have three different geographic areas, each area with its own endemic phenotypes:

    - Mexico and Central America, where all specimens look the same, i.e. like ssp fortunata; wingspan between 39 and 48 mm.


    - South America West of the Andes, a small area with specific phenotypes with a lemon yellow ground color; wingspan from 38 to 51 mm

    - South America East of the Andes, a very large zone with two distinct areas

            1 - Colombia and Venezuela with orange phenotypes, from limited orange markings to a full orange ground color for females



            2 - from Ecuador South and Eastwards, with two "types", one of them, type A, being extremely variable, and the other one, type B, being noticeably larger.

type A, wingspan from 37 to 48 mm

type B, wingspan from 47 to 56 mm, and usually flying at higher elevations, but not always...



here are specimens we collected in each of these three areas


Mexico an Central America

Jicacal, Vera Cruz, Mexico


Atitlan volcano, Guatemala


Alta Vera Paz, Guatemala


Santa Tecla, el Salvador


Trujillo, Honduras


Jinotega, Nicaragua


Alajuela & Cartago, Costa Rica


San Vito, Costa Rica


no real differences from Vera Cruz down to the Costa Rica - Panama border.


South America West of the Andes


Choco, Colombia

Reserva Cotacachi Cayapas North, Ecuador - 800 m


Reserva Cotacachi Cayapas West, Ecuador - 100 m


Reserva Cotacachi Cayapas South, Ecuador - 1200 m


Guayas, Ecuador


South America East of the Andes

North Venezuela


Antioquia, Colombia


Boyaca, Colombia


Valle del Cauca, Colombia


Sucumbios, Ecuador


Napo, Ecuador - 500 m


Rio Negro, Tungurahua, Ecuador - 1600 m


Sangay NP, Puyo, Ecuador - 1000 m


Sangay NP, Palora, Ecuador - 1000 m


Sangay NP, rio Pastaza, Ecuador - 1300 m


Sangay NP, Sardinayacu, Ecuador - 1200/1500 m


Sangay NP, centro, Ecuador - 1700 m


Morona Santiago South, Ecuador - 1800 m

this last female looks markedly different, but what else could it be?


Zamora, Ecuador


Amazonas & San Martin, Peru


Huànuco, Peru


Madre de Dios, Peru


Rondonia, Brasil



Loreto, Peru


Leticia, Colombia